What is Specialisation?

Through years, production has developed into a complicated process and thus broken down into a series of highly specialised task. Each task is then performed by a worker. This is known as Division of Labour.

Advantages of Division of Labour

  • Practise makes perfect: Worker specialises in a particular task and gives in the best, thus producing goods faster and less wastage of material.
  • Use of machinery: Specialised machinery can be used which is further increase the productivity.
  • Increased Output: with improvement in efficiency and use of machinery output is increased.
  • Saves time: There is no time wasted in switching of jobs and thus the momentum of production can be maintained which leads to less wastage of time.

Disadvantages of Division of Labour

  • Boredom: Performing the same task over and over again may lead to boredom for the workers.
  • Lack of variety: Though the number of goods produced increases but they are identical or standardized.
  • Low motivation for worker: Repeatedly performing the same task may lead to low motivation level for the worker. The worker might not have the sense of fulfilling a complete task as he is performing only a part of the job.
  • Lack of mobility: Due to specialisation workers might find it difficult to switch between occupations.